Indonesia Currency 50000 Rupiah banknote 2016 Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai

Indonesia Currency 50000 Rupiah banknote 2016 Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai
Indonesia money currency 50000 Rupiah banknote 2016

Currency of Indonesia 50000 Rupiah banknote 2016 Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai
Bank Indonesia - central bank of the Republic of Indonesia

Obverse: Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, a National Hero of Indonesia. The National emblem of Indonesia (Garuda Pancasila) at upper right area.
Reverse: The "Beratan" Lake in Bedugul, Bali (Pura Ulun Danu Beratan is a major Shaivite water temple on Bali, Indonesia.).

Watermark: Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, a National Hero of Indonesia.
Signed by: Burhanuddin Abdullah (Governor of Bank Indonesia) and Maman H. Soemantri (Deputy Governor of Bank Indonesia).
Size: 149 x 65 mm.
Dominant Color
  Front Side: Blue.
  Back Side: Blue.

Printer: Perum Peruri (Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia, Money Printing Public Company of the Republic of Indonesia).
Emission Date: 1 August 2011.
Replacement: 19 December 2016.


I Gusti Ngurah Rai
Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai (30 January 1917 – 20 November 1946) was an Indonesian National Hero who commanded Indonesian forces in Bali against the Dutch during the Indonesian War of Independence. He was killed in the Battle of Margarana.

  Ngurah Rai was born in Carangsari, Badung Regency, Bali on 30 January 1917. He studied at a Dutch elementary school, then went to high school in Malang, East Java. He then received Dutch military training at the Military Cadet School in Gianyar, Bali and Magelang, Central Java. After graduating, he joined the Dutch-sponsored military as a second lieutenant in Bali.

  After the Indonesian Declaration of Independence he established the People's Security Army, the forerunner of the military of Indonesia, for the Lesser Sunda Islands. He then left for the republican capital, Yogyakarta to receive orders before returning to Bali to oppose the approximately 2,000 Dutch troops who had landed on 2 and 3 March 1946.
  Ngurah Rai found that the republican forces were divided and he worked hard to reunite them. He then organized the first attack against the Dutch forces headquarters at Tabanan. The Dutch then attempted to locate Nguraha Rai's base and offered negotiations, which he refused.
  On 20 November 1946, the Dutch launched a large attack on Marga with the assistance of troops from Lombok and supported by aircraft. Lieutenant Colonel Ngurah Rai ordered a Puputan, or fight to the death. He died along with all of his troops. The battle is now known as the Battle of Margarana. However, because Ngurah Rai's entire force was wiped out, including the military leadership, the Dutch forces were subsequently unopposed and were able to regain control of Bali. This may not have been possible had Ngurah Rai adopted a guerrilla strategy.
  Ngurah Rai was buried in Marga. On 9 August 1975, he was made a national hero via Presidential Decision No. 063/TK/TH 1975. Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali is named for him.


Pura Ulun Danu Beratan
Pura Ulun Danu Beratan, or Pura Bratan, is a major Shaivite water temple on Bali, Indonesia. The temple complex is located on the shores of Lake Bratan in the mountains near Bedugul. Water temples serve the entire region in the outflow area; downstream there are many smaller water temples that are specific to each irrigation association (subak).
  Built in 1633, this temple is used for offerings ceremony to the Balinese water, lake and river goddess Dewi Danu, due to the importance of Lake Bratan as a main source of irrigation in central Bali. The 11-storey pelinggih meru in the complex is dedicated to Shiva and his consort Parvathi. Buddha's statue is also enshrined in this temple. This temple is also called as Bali temple on the lake because it looks like floating when the Bratan river water rises.
  Lake Bratan is known as the Lake of Holy Mountain due to the fertility of this area. Located 1200 m above sea level, it has a cold tropical climate.


Bedugul
Bedugul is a mountain lake resort area in Bali, Indonesia, located in the centre-north region of the island near Lake Bratan on the road between Denpasar and Singaraja the area covers the villages of Bedugul itself, Candikuning, Pancasari, Pacung and Wanagiri amongst others.
  Bedugul is located in the Tabanan Regency, at 48 kilometres (30 mi) north of the city of Denpasar or 20 kilometres (12 mi) south from Singaraja city. In the area there is three crater lakes Lake Bratan, Lake Buyan, and Lake Tamblingan.
  Bedugul area enjoys a mild mountain weather due to its location at an altitude of about 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level.
  Major sites in Bedugul are the Pura Ulun Danu Bratan water temple and the Bali Botanic Garden. The Botanic Garden, opened in 1959. With a total area of 157.5 hectares (389 acres), it is the largest botanic garden in Indonesia.

Bali Botanic Garden
The Bali Botanic Garden was established under the auspices of Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, on July 15, 1959. It is located on 157.5 hectares of land and is the largest botanic garden in Indonesia. The garden ranges from 1,250 metres to 1,450 metres above sea level with 2,000 species of plants and 20,000 plant specimens ranging from orchids, begonias and medicinal plants to bamboos and Cyatheas. It also has a stunning view of Bratan Lake.
  The Bali Botanic Garden won the Cipta Pesona Award 2011 from the Culture and Tourism Ministry in recognition of natural tourist attractions, cultural tourist attractions and artificial tourist attractions.

Geothermal fields
Exploration of the Bedugul Geothermal Field started in 1974, as part of a New Zealand bilateral aid project. Exploration was continued by Pertamina company from 1978 until 1987. In 1994 Bali Energy, a joint venture between California Energy and a local company, signed a joint operation contract with Pertamina to develop a 4x55 MW geothermal power plant. In 2008, the estimated power production capacity of 175 MW corresponded to about half of the whole island's electricity needs. However the project was put on hold, after being opposed by local residents, who feared that it could damage a sacred area and affect water supplies from the nearby lakes.